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What to Expect During a Comprehensive Eye Exam

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The human eye is complex. Not only does it aid in intricate processes like vision and depth perception, but it requires in-depth care. One of the best ways you can care for your eyes is attending a routine comprehensive eye exam. There, professionals can determine how your eyes are functioning—and if they need a little help from glasses or contacts. Still, if you’re wondering how the process goes, here’s what to expect during a comprehensive eye exam.

  • Color blindness test. Some people can go years without realizing that they are color blind. For others, they aren’t born color blind, but medical conditions may change how they view color. This quick test can help optometrists determine if you have hereditary or illness-related color blindness.
  • Consultation. Have a question about your eyes? Want to talk to a doctor? Comprehensive eye exams typically have consultations included. You’ll also spend this time talking about your health, family history, and the medicine you are prescribed. That way, professionals can give you the best possible care.
  • Cover test. If you’ve ever been to an eye doctor, you probably remember this one. After all, it’s a classic example of what to expect during a comprehensive eye exam. During a cover test, you will cover one eye. Then, you’ll read a chart out loud. This method helps examiners observe the vision differences—if any—that your eyes may have.
  • Eye health tests. Though these tests may vary depending on your needs and reason for visiting, eye exams include eye health tests. You may experience an air puff test (referred to as non-contact tonometry in more technical terms), which is designed to check your eye pressure. Other tests include pupil dilation, light responsiveness, and peripheral vision tests.
  • Lens testing. One, or two? One, or two? As professionals determine which lenses are best for you, you’ll experience a lens test. If you intend to wear contacts, you may also try on a brand or two to see what suits you best.

Optometrists recommend regular vision exams at least once a year. No matter how perfect our vision may have been before, getting our eyes tested consistently is a matter of personal health as we age.

Whether you’re new to the process or you haven’t had your vision tested in a while, now you know what to expect during a comprehensive eye exam. The next step, then, is to make an appointment! Visit to find your local clinic. Plus, for more on vision care and eye health, check out our blog.